A widening gap? Static and dynamic performance differences between specialist and general hospitals

Abstract This paper develops and tests a dynamic model of hospital focus. It does so by tracing the performance trajectories of specialist and general hospitals to identify whether a performance gap exists and whether it widens or shrinks over time. Our longitudinal analyses of all hospital organizations within the English National Health Service (NHS) reveal…

Read on...

Operations research in intensive care unit management: a literature review

Abstract The intensive care unit (ICU) is a crucial and expensive resource largely affected by uncertainty and variability. Insufficient ICU capacity causes many negative effects not only in the ICU itself, but also in other connected departments along the patient care path. Operations research/management science (OR/MS) plays an important role in identifying ways to manage…

Read on...

Modeling and designing health care payment innovations for medical imaging

Abstract Payment innovations that better align incentives in health care are a promising approach to reduce health care costs and improve quality of care. Designing effective payment systems, however, is challenging due to the complexity of the health care system with its many stakeholders and their often conflicting objectives. There is a lack of mathematical…

Read on...

Profit efficiency of physician practices: a stochastic frontier approach using panel data

Abstract While determinants of efficiency have been the subject of a large number of studies in the inpatient sector, relatively little is known about factors influencing efficiency of physician practices in the outpatient sector. With our study, we provide the first paper to estimate physician practice profit efficiency and its’ determinants. We base our analysis…

Read on...

A proactive transfer policy for critical patient flow management

Abstract Hospital emergency departments are often overcrowded, resulting in long wait times and a public perception of poor attention. Delays in transferring patients needing further treatment increases emergency department congestion, has negative impacts on their health and may increase their mortality rates. A model built around a Markov decision process is proposed to improve the…

Read on...